In this section, the Constitutional Court of Colombia offers an overview of its role and composition, Justices, main decisions, and relevant documents.
The Constitutional Court of Colombia is the highest tribunal in the Colombian judiciary in matters of Constitutionality. According to the Constitution, it is entrusted to the Court: “The safeguarding of the integrity and supremacy of the Constitution”. In such a capacity, it has a range of functions such as, to determine the constitutionality not only of laws, acts, statutes, and presidential directives (decrees), but also amendments of the Constitution itself, and the International Treaties and their Congress approval. It is also the avant-garde guardian of the fundamental rights of the people, employing the optional review of judicial decisions concerning the protection of their constitutional rights petitioned, throughout the country, through guardianship action, also called the Amparo or Tutela action. As the final constitutional arbiter, the Court is charged with ensuring the Colombian people the promises and rights established upon on the Political Constitution of the Republic. The Court consists of an uneven number of Justices as determined by law. Currently, the number of Justices is fixed at nine, including the President of the Court. Power to nominate the Justices is split among the Supreme Court of Justice, the Council of State, and the President of the Republic. Each one shall nominate three candidates by proposing three shortlists to the Senate. The election is then made by the latter. Justices serve for a term of eight years.
The Colombian Constitutional Court begins publication of English version briefs of its most important decisions