In this section, the Constitutional Court of Colombia offers an overview of its role and composition, Justices, main decisions, and relevant documents.
The Constitutional Court of Colombia is the highest tribunal in the Colombian judiciary in matters of Constitutionality. According to the Constitution, it is entrusted to the Court: “The safeguarding of the integrity and supremacy of the Constitution”. In such a capacity, it has a range of functions such as, to determine the constitutionality not only of laws, acts, statutes, and presidential directives (decrees), but also amendments of the Constitution itself, and the International Treaties and their Congress approval. It is also the avant-garde guardian of the fundamental rights of the people, employing the optional review of judicial decisions concerning the protection of their constitutional rights petitioned, throughout the country, through guardianship action, also called the Amparo or Tutela action. As the final constitutional arbiter, the Court is charged with ensuring the Colombian people the promises and rights established upon on the Political Constitution of the Republic. The Court consists of an uneven number of Justices as determined by law. Currently, the number of Justices is fixed at nine, including the President of the Court. Power to nominate the Justices is split among the Supreme Court of Justice, the Council of State, and the President of the Republic. Each one shall nominate three candidates by proposing three shortlists to the Senate. The election is then made by the latter. Justices serve for a term of eight years.
The Colombian Constitutional Court begins publication of English version briefs of its most important decisions
Right to a vital minimum
State of emergency; scope of the Constitutional Court's jurisdiction on social emergencyï¿½s motivation.
Decision C-027/93. Concordat
Capability of the Court to determine the effects of its decisions
Personal use of drugs
Censorhip to the media, a freedom of speech dilema
televised political debates
Additional protocol to the Geneva Conventions regarding the protection of victims of non-international armed conflicts.
Limitations to the right to information and liberty of press
Constitutional protection of the social identity, cultural and economic life of the native community.
The Euthanasia / Human Dignity/
Corporal punishment in the indigenous tradition.
Meaning and scope of Article 101 of the Constitution; constitutional block and treaties on boundaries; international law and domestic law.
. Restriction of the religious freedom of members of indigenous communitie
Public space / right to work/ Rigts of the sellers in the street
Right to sexual identity and free development of the hermaphrodites.
RIGHTS OF MINORS FROM INDIGENOUS COMMUNITIES
Right to equality of women in the conformation of decisional institutions of the State
Accessibility to the public transportation system
Social State of Law. Public space
RIghts of victims of internal displacement
New exceptional events in which is possible to lodge a complaint against sentences.
Right to cultural identity on the exercise of political representation
Constitutional Revision of re-election act
Discrimination on the basis of race
Discrete and hidden minority groups
Abortion/ Right to life, Right to health, Rigth to self-determination, Right to family/
Justice and Peace Law/ Amnesty/Human Rights/Victimï¿½s Rights
The isolation in prisons is contrary to the human dignity of prisoners
The Court recognized that same sex couples had the rigth to form a common law marriage. The equality rigths of same sex couples.
Protection of fundamental rights/ Freedom of speech
The walls of infamy
Fundamental right to health
Protection of handicap people/Protection against discriminatory action against targeted minorities
Rights to the same-sex couples
Rights of informal recyclers
Sexual and reproductive rigths
Prohibition and sanction of genocide
Testimony provided by sexually abused minors and the pro infans principle.
THIRD PRESIDENTIAL PERIOD (REELECTION)
Right to Water
Protection to the sex workers (prostitution)
International cooperation and technical assistance in defense and security Agreement between Colombia and US
Autonomy of the indigenous communities in ther own territories. Protection of their integrity and the enviroment
The Constitutional Court declared unconstitutional the economic emergency.
The ï¿½Pavasï¿½ case.
Protection to the facto marital unions and the rights for same-sex couple
The keeping of domestic animals as expression of fundamental right.
The homosexuals have the right to form a family.
Case of bullying
Discrimination based on sexual orientation
Fiscal sustainability principle
Cameras in the classrooms
.The terms of maternity leave are extended in cases of premature babies and multiple births.
Discrimination based on race
Right to sexual identity
Prohibition of slavery and mistreatment in cases of domestic service.
Case in which the Board of Management of a building refuses to build a wheelchair ramp for an individual with a disability.
Rules in the matter of protection reinforced to motherhood
Water rights in prisons
Due process in criminal judment for high dignitaries.
Rights of the victims of the forced displacement
Right to conjugal visits for LGBTI people.
Right to transgender persons to access health services
Protection of self - image
The prohibition of practicing surgical methods of contraception in minors
Rights of people suffering from mental disorders caused by the use of addictive substances
Forensic interview to children and adolescents victims of sexual offences, must comply with due process and respect for the superior interest of children
The positive dimension of the right to equality
Increase of the criminal sanction for domestic violence offences
Conscientius objectors of the military service
Participation in politics of the demobilized
Right of homosexual couples to adopt a child when he is the son of one of the partners
Rigths to the deaf and deafblind population
Right to die with dignity. Euthanasia.
Jealousy is a reason for divorce
Right to digna housing
Right to the information and comunications of blind and low people
The case of the homeless
Fundamental right to try.
Adoption by same sex couples when the minor is the biological child of one member of a same sex couple
Phrases of hatred against homosexual people are contrary to the Constitution
Right to reproductive health . In vitro fertilization treatment.
Prohibition of all forms of discrimination and harassment in schools. Respect for people with diverse sexual orientation. Review of the Coexistence Manuals. The case of Sergio Urrego.
Adoption by same couples
Economic violence in a couple constitutes discrimination.
Marriage of same sex couples fromï¿½ notaries and judges
Privation of liberty to indigenous people by detention in prison facilities
Manuals of student coexistence can not impose aesthetic patterns
The plebiscite as an endorsement mechanism to guarantee the ending of the armed conflict
Right to inclusive education of children in a disability situation
Contraceptive procedures can not be performed on people with disabilities without their consent
Free development of personality
Protection of the rights of sex workers
The Atrato River as a "subject of rigths"
The limits on the activities that women can perform during voluntary military service are unconstitutional.
Rights of the victims of the armed conflict. Request to make a public act of recognition of responsibility in the Massacre of Santo Domingo.
Fast track procedure
Right to update information on the internet
Right to education, / Scholarship, access.
Violence, against women / Violence, gender-based
Relative Legislative Omission. Zones of Rural, Economic and Social Development
Food and clean water for the Wayuu people
Who knowing the absence of the biological link through genetic tests has allowed time to pass without making use of legal mechanisms ratifies his legal, filial and social paternity.
Migratory policy of the colombian state
Modifications in the regime of royalties
Internet and telephones in prisons
Reinforced labor stability for workers bearing HIV/ AIDS.
Right to freedom of locomotion of people in disability situation
Corporal punishment of children is prohibited by the Constitution
Right to love
The case of vaccines against human papilloma
Speakers of members of the Farc in the Congress
Payment for environmental services and incentives to the conservation
Reinforced labor protection of women pregnant or in the lactation period and adopting mothers
Duty of neutrality in religious matters of the official educational institutions.
Prohibition of preventive censorship to the information that warns about risks of consumption of sugary drinks
Shared retirement pension
It is forbidden racial discrimination in an employment relationship
Scope of the rigth to privacy against the dissemination of virtual conversation of chat created in the labor enviroment.
Obligation to solve cases involving a gender perspective
Quimbaya treasure must return to Colombia
Change of sex on identity card. The case of intersex children
Freedom of opinion can not be used to defame
Development programs with territorial approach
State may become secod aggressor of a woman when there is no diligence in attending the denounces for gender based violence
Unconstitutional the "servant" expression of the civil code
Right to nationality and to registration of birth for a minor born outside the country.
The risks of new information technologies and communications in schools. The case of the"blue whale" game.
Commission for the Clarification of Truth, Coexistence and Non-Repetition
Rigths to privacy , honour, ones`s good name and image in the social nerworks
Gender approach in language used in judicial decisions in case of victim of sexual violence.
Principles of proportionality and reasonability in suspension of intimate visitis in prisions .
Health services for migrants
UARIV. Legal reasons when denying to include people in the registry.
Being single or not having children are disproportionate demands for professional soldiers
Protection of political speech
Schools may discipline students who affect the right to privacy when they use social networks
Family unity in the context of population density measures
Protection to domestic work
The job stability of pregnant women. Change of jurisprudence
The type of employment relationship is not an obstacle to labor protection
Duties of the authorities in cases of intrafamily violence
Revision of the Statutory Law Project number 08 of 2017Senate - 016 of 2017 Chamber, "Statutory of the Administration of Justice in the Special Jurisdiction for Peace "
The superior interest of the child and the joint custody of both parents.
Religious freedom of people in jail
Condemn for homicide by the indigenous jurisdiction requests his case to be submitted to the special jurisdiction for peace
Constitutional Court protects fundamental rights to due process and privacy of two young people expelled from a school.
Protection for a girl victim of an antipersonnel mine.
Right to informed consent in cases of contracts in pornographic videos
The Court reiterates the ruling C-355/ 2006. The case of abortion.
The "consulta popular" can not be used to prohibit extractive activities in a specific municipality or district.
The inability for tax debts is constitutional
School transportation service and exceptional access of children to education programs for the elderly
The 5% tax on sanitary towels is unconstitutional
The rights of children as a limit to the autonomy of indigenous peoples.
Religious freedom does not exclude the guarantee of the fundamental right of petition
The reduction of the sentence or pre-agreements in sexual crimes against children is not applicable
Principle of continuity on the provision of health services to retired members of the police
The Court reiterates the right of parents when their children are born.
Exercise worthy of motherhood in people with disabilities
Sport hunting and the protection of the natural environment and the wild life
Right to appeal the first judgement of conviction by The Supreme Court of Justice - Criminal Room
Access to education for children and adolescents
Liberty of movement of people with disabilities
Rights of national investors vis-Ã¡-vis those of foreigners
Dismissal and general disqualification of popularly elected officials
Exam for lawyers to practice law is required
Consumption of alcohol or psychoactive substances in public space
Exception in favor of indigenous communities to the legal monopoly in the production of alcoholic beverages. Discrimination of Afro-Colombian, Palenque, and Raizal communities
Decision by luck of the winner of an election, in the event of a draw in the votes
Closure by authorities of a public establishment where prostitution was practiced and the rights to work and equality
Right to appeal the first judgement of conviction
Freedom of Expression and Information. Disclosure of confidential information in the media regarding criminal proceedings
Same-sex de facto relationships
Freedom of Expression and the rights to protection of honor and good name. Social Media
Woman with disability victim of sexual violence
Proactive application of favorable past laws not in force anymore when requesting recognition and payment of disability pension
Due Disciplinary Process to dismiss union workers during strike pronounced illegal
Registration as a victim of a woman who was forcibly recruited in the guerrillas, sexually assaulted, and violently compelled to displace
Right to drinking water and basic sanitation
Collective ownership and inherent steward rights of the land
Freedom of expression and the rights to a good name and honor in social networks
Right of association of the Wayuu people and their registration with the Ministry of the Interior
Freedom of expression in social networks
Jurisdiction limits of Inherent Right Indigenous Governments
Right to adequate food, health, and dignity for deprived of liberty
There is no penalty for a citizen not carrying his ID
Public policy regarding support for menstrual hygiene of homeless women
The rights of Venezuelan immigrants to access the health care system
Freedom of Expression and access to health care by individuals with hearing disabilities
Right to health and a decent and dignified life. Breast reconstruction procedure included in the healthcare plan
Right to adequate housing for persons with disabilities
Administrative due process to be followed to deport a foreigner. Family rights
Good faith third parties in criminal process
Provision and payment for specialized therapy not covered by the public health care plan. Children with alleged physical, sensory, or cognitive disabilities
Rights of children and adolescents with disabilities
Principle of equality and prohibition of discrimination based upon gender identity and sexual orientation
Criminalization of abortion
Insufficient law coverage of measures regarding the use of service dogs for persons with disabilities
Adequate spaces at work for nursing women to express and preserve milk
Declaration of the State of Emergency as a result of the Covid-19 pandemic
Creation of the Public Fund for Emergency Mitigation (Spanish short FOME)
Price control of basic goods and necessities
Biosecurity protocols for management of Covid-19
Work from home, non-face-to-face meetings and other measures taken during the pandemic in governmental entities
Measures to guarantee the public transportation and its infrastructure throughout the Covid-19 pandemic
Measures for the prevention of the spread of the SARS-CoV-2 in overcrowded centers of deprivation of liberty
Temporary reduction of the contribution rate to the public pension system and other measures
Suspension of extradition proceedings during state of emergency caused by Covid-19 pandemic
Declaration of the State of Emergency as a result of the Covid-19 pandemic. Second time for an additional 30-day period
Establishment of the Education Solidarity Public Fund to reduce the school dropout rate during the Covid-19 pandemic
Mandatory retirement by law due to age of the members of the Board of Governors of the Bank of the Republic and the autonomy of the Central Bank
Journalists and Freedoms of Press, Speech, and Expression
Legal Protection Action against Judicial Decisions
Right to appeal the first judgement of conviction by The Supreme Court of Justice - Criminal Room
Right to citizenship of the children born in Colombia of Venezuelan immigrants
Rights to education and equality originated in the provision and continuity of internet service
Access and privacy of personal information
Students with disabilities and access to educational institutions and school transportation
Right of people with disabilities to easily accessible parking lots
Ethnic and cultural diversity of indigenous people deprived of liberty
Freedom of the Press and the rights to Honor, Privacy, and Good Name.Â Public apologies and information correction
Redress for domestic violence against women
Conflict between the Jurisdiction of Inherent Right Indigenous Governments, and that of the National Government.Â Domestic violence cases
Rights of animals and their protection